Research

Surgical Resident Training Using Real-Time Simulation of Cardiopulmonary Bypass Physiology with Echocardiography

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

With increasing complexity of medical care and continuing limitations on medical education, the use of simulation is becoming ever more important. Several simulators have been developed to teach procedural-based surgical tasks. The care of the cardiac surgical patient requires an in-depth understanding of physiology, particularly as pertains to cardiopulmonary bypass. We describe the use of the Human Patient Simulator (HPS) to teach perioperative fundamentals to surgical residents.

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